Najnoviji recepti

Kratki vodič po tržištima Dubaija

Kratki vodič po tržištima Dubaija


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

U gradu koji je poznat po vrhunskim mega centrima i sinonim je za kupovinu, napravite korak unatrag do Dubai's souks (tržišta) za neke od najautentičnijih proizvoda u Ujedinjenim Arapskim Emiratima. Šarena, užurbana tržišta predstavljaju proizvode iz cijelog svijeta - od svile, začina i suvenira do odjeće, zlata i svježih proizvoda.

Riblje tržište: Prikladno nazvana Riblja tržnica prodaje ribu zajedno s povrćem i mesom u istom sastavu, što je čini savršenim mjestom za kupovinu na jednom mjestu za kuhare restorana i lokalno stanovništvo za svakodnevnu kupovinu svježe robe. Tržište tri puta dnevno pregledavaju vladine vlasti, osiguravajući najsvježiju ribu, meso i povrće u blizini.

Tržište zlata: Vjerovatno najpoznatiji souk, Gold Market ima više od 800 trgovina prepunih svjetlucavih 18 karata, 21 karata, 22 karata i 24 karata zlata. Cijenu zlata određuje međunarodno tržište zlata-međutim, cijene ovdje i dalje mogu biti izuzetne zahvaljujući vašim potencijalnim vještinama cjenkanja i niskoj nadoknadi zanatstva koja zlato pretvara u narukvice i ogrlice. Kupovina izloga ovde nema cenu, pa zastanite i ostanite neko vreme.

Parfem Souk: Parfemi su važan dio arapske kulture. Prodavnice duž ceste Sikkat Al Khail miješaju prirodna ulja u ukrašenim posudama za odličan suvenir s Bliskog istoka. Parfemska pijaca također je odlično mjesto za opskrbu tamjanom i pomno ukrašenim kadionicama. (Napomena urednika: Ako za svoje zlato i tamjan kupite miro, neki bi vas mogli nazvati mudrim.)

Tržnica začina: Idite vodenim taksijem do Tržnica začina u Deiri, koju lokalno stanovništvo naziva i „iransko tržište“, budući da je oko 90 posto prodavača ovdje iz Irana. Postoji 45 trgovina koje prodaju začine poput šafrana, papra, kurkume, sušenog limuna, kardamoma, klinčića, kurkume i mahune vanilije iz Indije, Irana i Pakistana. Trgovci žele omogućiti posjetiteljima da probaju pa se ne brinite da vam nije poznat nijedan sastojak. Začini se prodaju po težini ili u prethodno odvaganim pakiranjima-savršeni za vraćanje kući do potpunih recepata po djeliću cijene.

Tekstilna pijaca: Smještene unutar kamenih zgrada u povijesnoj gradskoj četvrti Bur Dubai, male trgovine koje čine tekstilnu tržnicu opskrbljene su tkaninama, obućom i vjerskim potrepštinama. Posetioci se mogu opskrbiti i sitnicama kao što su deve ukrašene draguljima i bočicama parfema, kao i minijature ikoničnih, sa sedam zvezdica, u obliku jedrilice Burj Al Arab hotel i replike najviše zgrade na svijetu, Burj Khalifa.

Nakon što ste vijugali uskim uličicama Textile Souka, otputujte u ćudljivu (i efikasnu) vožnju u abra (vodeni taksi), koji trajektima prebacuje lokalno stanovništvo i posjetitelje sa stanice Dubai Souk Abra do stanice Deira, stopama Dubaija Spice Souk i Gold Souk.

Osim starih škola na otvorenom, Dubai ima i nekoliko modernih, klimatiziranih sukova poput Souk Madinat Jumeriah, rekreacija drevnog bliskoistočnog tržišta; i Souk Al Bahar, zatvorena tržnica s koje se pruža pogled na rivu na fontanu Dubai i Burj Khalifu.


Hranjenje ptica: brzi vodič o vrstama sjemena

Sjeme koje privlači najrazličitije vrste ptica, pa je glavni oslonac za većinu hranilica za ptice u dvorištu suncokret. Druge sorte sjemena mogu pomoći u privlačenju različitih vrsta ptica da zaokruže posjetitelje vašeg dvorišta. Općenito, mješavine koje sadrže crveno proso, zob i druga "punila" nisu privlačne većini ptica i mogu dovesti do velikog otpada dok ptice sortiraju mješavinu.

Ovdje je naš brzi vodič za vrste sjemena, uključujući:

Povezane priče

Suncokret

Postoje dvije vrste suncokreta - crno ulje i prugasto. Sjemenke crnog ulja („uljari“) imaju vrlo tanke ljuske, koje se gotovo svim pticama koje jedu sjeme lako otvaraju, a jezgre unutar njih imaju visok sadržaj masti, izuzetno vrijedan za većinu zimskih ptica. Prugasto sjeme suncokreta ima deblju ljusku, pa se kućni vrapci i kos mnogo teže otvaraju. Stoga, ako ste preplavljeni vrstama, radije ne biste subvencionirali svoj suncokret od crnog ulja, prije nego što učinite bilo što drugo, pokušajte prijeći na prugasti suncokret.

Ljudi koji žive u stanovima ili imaju problema sa skupljanjem ljuski sjemena ispod hranilica često nude suncokret oljušten. Mnoge ptice to vole, kao i vjeverice, naravno, i to je skupo. Bez zaštite ljuske, suncokretova srca i čips brzo se kvare i mogu sadržavati opasne bakterije, pa je važno ponuditi ne više od onoga što se može pojesti za dan ili dva.

Suncokret je jako privlačan vjevericama, što je problem za ljude koji ih ne žele subvencionirati. Neke vrste pregrada od vjeverica i neke specijalizirane hranilice prilično su dobre u njihovom isključivanju. Suncokret u ljusci može se ponuditi u raznim hranilicama, uključujući poslužavnike, hranilice za cijevi, lijevke i akrilne hranilice za prozore. Suncokretova srca i čips ne treba nuditi u hranilicama za cijevi gdje se može sakupljati vlaga.

Safflower

Šafran ima debelu ljusku, koju neke ptice teško otvaraju, ali je omiljena među kardinalima. Jedu ga i neki krupni kljunovi, ptičice, golubovi i domaći vrapci. Prema nekim izvorima, kućni vrapci, evropski čvorci i vjeverice ne vole šafraniku, ali čini se da su u nekim područjima razvili ukus za nju.

Kardinali i veliki kljunovi preferiraju hranilice za ladice i lijevke, što ove hranilice čini dobrim izborom za ponudu šafranike.

Zlatonoše na čarapama od čička. Fotografija Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Povezane priče

Nyjer ili čičak

Male zebe, uključujući američku, zelenu, zlaticu, indigo buntings, borovu sikinu i običnu crvenkugu često proždiru ovo sitno, crno sjeme nalik iglicama. Kako su invazivne biljke čička postale prepoznat problem u Sjevernoj Americi, dobavljači su prešli na biljku nalik tratinčici, poznatu kao Guizotia abyssinica, koja proizvodi sličnu vrstu sitnog, uljanog, bogatog sjemena. Biljka je sada poznata kao niger ili nyjer, a uvozi se iz inostranstva. Sjemenke se tijekom uvoza termički steriliziraju kako bi se ograničile njihove mogućnosti širenja uz zadržavanje vrijednosti hrane.

Beli proso proso

Bijelo proso je omiljeno kod ptica koje se hrane stokom, uključujući prepelice, domaće američke vrapce, golubove, vučne vune, junkove i kardinale. Nažalost, omiljen je i kod kravljih ptica i drugih kosica i kućnih vrabaca, koji su već subvencionirani ljudskim aktivnostima i podržani na neprirodno visokom nivou populacije trenutnom poljoprivrednom praksom i promjenama staništa. Kad su ove vrste prisutne, najpametnije je ne koristiti proso gotovo sve ptice koje ga vole jednako privlači suncokret crnog ulja.

Budući da su ptice koje se hrane hranjenjem bijelog prosa toliko omiljene, često se razbacuju po zemlji-odlična praksa sve dok nije postavljeno više od onoga što ptice mogu pojesti za jedan dan. Nisko postavljeni ulagači ladica s odličnom drenažom mogu biti vrlo dobar izbor i za bijelo proso.

Oljušten i ispucan kukuruz

Kukuruz jedu tetrijebi, fazani, purani, prepelice, kardinali, krupni kljunovi, vrane, gavrani, sojke, golubovi, patke, ždralovi i druge vrste. Nažalost, kukuruz ima dva ozbiljna problema. Prvo, omiljeni su kućni vrapci, kravlje ptice, čvorci, guske, medvjedi, rakuni i jeleni - od kojih ništa ne bismo trebali subvencionirati. Drugo, kukuruz je hrana za ptice koja će najvjerojatnije biti kontaminirana aflatoksinima, koji su izuzetno otrovni čak i pri niskim razinama. Nikada ne kupujte kukuruz u plastičnim vrećicama, ne dopustite mu da se smoči, nemojte ga nuditi u količinama koje se ne mogu potrošiti u toku dana po kišnom ili vrlo vlažnom vremenu i budite savjesni pri grabljanju starog kukuruza.

Nikada ne nudite kukuruz prekriven crvenom bojom. Kukuruz namijenjen sadnji često se tretira fungicidima, označenim crvenom bojom kao upozorenje. Vrlo je otrovan za ljude, stoku i sve ptice.

Nikada nemojte nuditi kokice sa maslacem ili bilo koju vrstu kokica u mikrovalnoj pećnici. Iskočeni kukuruz se brzo kvari.

Kukuruz bi se trebao nuditi u malim količinama odjednom na hranilicama za poslužavnike. Ne nudite ga u hranilicama za cijevi koje bi mogle zadržati vlagu.

Kikiriki

Kikiriki je vrlo popularan među sojkama, vranama, ptičicama, sjenice, djetlići i mnogim drugim vrstama, ali su im omiljene i vjeverice, medvjedi, rakuni i druge životinje koje ne treba subvencionirati. Kao i kukuruz, kikiriki ima veliku vjerojatnost da sadrži aflatoksine, pa se mora držati na suhom i prilično brzo potrošiti.

Kikiriki u ljusci može se postaviti na hranilice na platformi ili desno na ogradu na palubi ili u hranilicu za prozore kao posebna poslastica za sojke, ako ih stignu prije nego vjeverice to učine. Ako se kikiriki ili mješavine kikirikija i drugog sjemena nude u hranilicama za cijevi, pazite da često mijenjate sjeme, posebno za vrijeme kišnog ili vlažnog vremena, potpuno ispraznite i svaki put očistite cijev.

Milo ili sirk

Milo je omiljen kod mnogih zapadnih ptica koje se hrane kopnom. Na Cornell Lab of Ornithology testovima za preferiranje sjemena, Steller's Jays, Curves-bilhed Thrashers i Gambel’s Quails preferiraju milo umjesto suncokreta. U drugoj studiji, kućni vrapci nisu jeli milo, ali su jele kravlje ptice.

Milo treba rasuti po zemlji ili po hranilicama na niskim poslužavnicima. Prestanite ga nuditi ako subvencionirate kravlje ptice.

Zlatni proso, crveni proso, lan i drugi

Ovo sjeme se često koristi kao punilo u pakiranim mješavinama sjemena ptica, ali većina ptica ih se kloni. Otpadno sjeme postaje leglo bakterija i gljivica, brže kontaminirajući svježe sjeme. Svakako pročitajte popis sastojaka u mješavinama ptičjih sjemenki, izbjegavajući one sa ovim sjemenkama. Konkretno, ako mješavina sjemena ima puno malih, crvenih sjemenki, provjerite jesu li to milo ili sirk, a ne crveno proso.

Sjemenke uljane repice i kanarinca

Ove dvije vrste sjemena ne nude mnogo više od rasprostranjenijeg sjemena. Nekoliko ptica jede repicu, uključujući prepelice, golubove, zebe i junkove. Ako ih ne nabavite, uljana repica će se pokvariti. Kanarsko sjeme vrlo je popularno kod kućnih vrabaca i kravljih ptica - ptica koje mnogi ljudi ne bi voljeli privući. Druge vrste koje jedu sjeme kanarinca jednako su zadovoljne suncokretom, pa je ovo bolji izbor za sve.


Hranjenje ptica: kratki vodič o vrstama sjemena

Sjeme koje privlači najrazličitije vrste ptica, pa je glavni oslonac za većinu hranilica za ptice u dvorištu suncokret. Druge sorte sjemena mogu pomoći u privlačenju različitih vrsta ptica da zaokruže posjetitelje vašeg dvorišta. Općenito, mješavine koje sadrže crveno proso, zob i druga "punila" nisu privlačne većini ptica i mogu dovesti do velikog otpada dok ptice sortiraju mješavinu.

Evo našeg#kratkog vodiča za vrste sjemena, uključujući:

Povezane priče

Suncokret

Postoje dvije vrste suncokreta - crno ulje i prugasto. Sjemenke crnog ulja („uljari“) imaju vrlo tanke ljuske, koje se gotovo svim pticama koje jedu sjeme lako otvaraju, a jezgre unutar njih imaju visok sadržaj masti, izuzetno vrijedan za većinu zimskih ptica. Prugasto sjeme suncokreta ima deblju ljusku, pa se kućni vrapci i kos mnogo teže otvaraju. Stoga, ako ste preplavljeni vrstama, radije ne biste subvencionirali svoj suncokret od crnog ulja, prije nego učinite bilo što drugo, pokušajte prijeći na prugasti suncokret.

Ljudi koji žive u stanovima ili imaju problema sa skupljanjem ljuski sjemena ispod hranilica često nude suncokret oljušten. Mnoge ptice ovo vole, kao i vjeverice, naravno, i to je skupo. Bez zaštite ljuske, suncokretova srca i čips brzo se kvare i mogu sadržavati opasne bakterije, pa je važno ponuditi ne više od onoga što se može pojesti za dan ili dva.

Suncokret je jako privlačan vjevericama, što je problem za ljude koji ih ne žele subvencionirati. Neke vrste pregrada od vjeverica i neke specijalizirane hranilice prilično su dobre u njihovom isključivanju. Suncokret u ljusci može se ponuditi u raznim hranilicama, uključujući poslužavnike, hranilice za cijevi, lijevke i akrilne hranilice za prozore. Suncokretova srca i čips ne treba nuditi u hranilicama za cijevi gdje se može sakupljati vlaga.

Safflower

Šafran ima debelu ljusku, koju neke ptice teško otvaraju, ali je omiljena među kardinalima. Jedu ga i neki krupni kljunovi, ptičice, golubovi i domaći vrapci. Prema nekim izvorima, kućni vrapci, evropski čvorci i vjeverice ne vole šafraniku, ali čini se da su u nekim područjima razvili ukus za nju.

Kardinali i veliki kljunovi preferiraju hranilice za ladice i lijevke, što ih čini dobrim izborom za ponudu šafranike.

Zlatonoše na čarapama od čička. Fotografija Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Povezane priče

Nyjer ili čičak

Male zebe, uključujući američke češljugarice, male češljukare, indigo buntinge, borove siksine i obične crvenke često proždiru ovo sitno, crno sjeme nalik iglicama. Kako su invazivne biljke čička postale prepoznat problem u Sjevernoj Americi, dobavljači su prešli na biljku nalik tratinčici, poznatu kao Guizotia abyssinica, koja proizvodi sličnu vrstu sitnog, uljanog, bogatog sjemena. Biljka je sada poznata kao niger ili nyjer, a uvozi se iz inostranstva. Sjemenke se tijekom uvoza termički steriliziraju kako bi se ograničile njihove mogućnosti širenja uz zadržavanje vrijednosti hrane.

Beli proso proso

Belo proso je omiljeno kod ptica koje se hrane mlinom, uključujući prepelice, domaće američke vrapce, golubove, vučne vuče, junkove i kardinale. Nažalost, omiljen je i kod kravljih ptica i drugih kosica i kućnih vrabaca, koji su već subvencionirani ljudskim aktivnostima i podržani na neprirodno visokom nivou populacije trenutnom poljoprivrednom praksom i promjenama staništa. Kad su ove vrste prisutne, najpametnije je ne koristiti proso gotovo sve ptice koje ga vole jednako privlači suncokret crnog ulja.

Budući da su ptice koje se hrane hranjenjem bijelog prosa toliko omiljene, često se razbacuju po zemlji-odlična praksa sve dok nije postavljeno više od onoga što ptice mogu pojesti za jedan dan. Nisko postavljeni ulagači ladica s odličnom drenažom mogu biti vrlo dobar izbor i za bijelo proso.

Oljušten i ispucan kukuruz

Kukuruz jedu tetrijebi, fazani, purani, prepelice, kardinali, kljunovi, vrane, gavrani, sojke, golubovi, patke, ždralovi i druge vrste. Nažalost, kukuruz ima dva ozbiljna problema. Prvo, omiljeni su kućni vrapci, kravlje ptice, čvorci, guske, medvjedi, rakuni i jeleni - od kojih ništa ne bismo trebali subvencionirati. Drugo, kukuruz je hrana za ptice koja će najvjerojatnije biti kontaminirana aflatoksinima, koji su izuzetno otrovni čak i pri niskim razinama. Nikada ne kupujte kukuruz u plastičnim vrećicama, ne dopustite mu da se smoči, nikada ga ne nudite u količinama koje se ne mogu potrošiti u toku dana po kišnom ili vrlo vlažnom vremenu i budite savjesni pri grabljanju starog kukuruza.

Nikada ne nudite kukuruz prekriven crvenom bojom. Kukuruz namijenjen sadnji često se tretira fungicidima, označenim crvenom bojom kao upozorenje. Vrlo je otrovan za ljude, stoku i sve ptice.

Nikada nemojte nuditi kokice s maslacem ili bilo koju vrstu kokica u mikrovalnoj pećnici. Iskipani kukuruz brzo se kvari.

Kukuruz bi se trebao nuditi u malim količinama odjednom na hranilicama za poslužavnike. Ne nudite ga u hranilicama za cijevi koje bi mogle zadržati vlagu.

Kikiriki

Kikiriki je vrlo popularan među sojkama, vranama, ptičicama, sjenice, djetlići i mnogim drugim vrstama, ali su im omiljene i vjeverice, medvjedi, rakuni i druge životinje koje ne treba subvencionirati. Kao i kukuruz, kikiriki ima veliku vjerojatnost da sadrži aflatoksine, pa se mora držati na suhom i prilično brzo potrošiti.

Kikiriki u ljusci može se postaviti na hranilice na platformi ili desno na ogradu na palubi ili u hranilicu za prozore kao posebna poslastica za sojke, ako ih stignu prije nego vjeverice to učine. Ako se kikiriki ili mješavine kikirikija i drugog sjemena nude u hranilicama za cijevi, pazite da često mijenjate sjeme, posebno za vrijeme kišnog ili vlažnog vremena, potpuno ispraznite i svaki put očistite cijev.

Milo ili sirk

Milo je omiljen kod mnogih zapadnih ptica koje se hrane kopnom. Na Cornell Lab of Ornithology testovima za preferiranje sjemena, Steller's Jays, Curves-bilhed Thrashers i Gambel’s Quails preferiraju milo umjesto suncokreta. U drugoj studiji, kućni vrapci nisu jeli milo, ali su jele kravlje ptice.

Milo treba rasuti po zemlji ili po hranilicama na niskim poslužavnicima. Prestanite ga nuditi ako subvencionirate kravlje ptice.

Zlatni proso, crveni proso, lan i drugi

Ovo sjeme se često koristi kao punilo u pakiranim mješavinama sjemena ptica, ali većina ptica ih se kloni. Otpadno sjeme postaje leglo bakterija i gljivica, brže kontaminirajući svježe sjeme. Svakako pročitajte popis sastojaka u mješavinama ptičjih sjemenki, izbjegavajući one sa ovim sjemenkama. Konkretno, ako mješavina sjemena ima puno malih, crvenih sjemenki, provjerite jesu li to milo ili sirk, a ne crveno proso.

Sjemenke uljane repice i kanarinca

Ove dvije vrste sjemena ne nude mnogo više od rasprostranjenijeg sjemena. Nekoliko ptica jede repicu, uključujući prepelice, golubove, zebe i junkove. Ako ih ne nabavite, uljana repica će se pokvariti. Kanarsko sjeme vrlo je popularno kod kućnih vrabaca i kravljih ptica - ptica koje mnogi ljudi ne bi voljeli privući. Druge vrste koje jedu sjeme kanarinca jednako su zadovoljne suncokretom, pa je ovo bolji izbor za sve.


Hranjenje ptica: brzi vodič o vrstama sjemena

Sjeme koje privlači najrazličitije vrste ptica, pa je glavni oslonac za većinu hranilica za ptice u dvorištu suncokret. Druge sorte sjemena mogu pomoći u privlačenju različitih vrsta ptica da zaokruže posjetitelje vašeg dvorišta. Općenito, mješavine koje sadrže crveno proso, zob i druga "punila" nisu privlačne većini ptica i mogu dovesti do velikog otpada dok ptice sortiraju mješavinu.

Ovdje je naš brzi vodič za vrste sjemena, uključujući:

Povezane priče

Suncokret

Postoje dvije vrste suncokreta - crno ulje i prugasto. Sjemenke crnog ulja („uljari“) imaju vrlo tanke ljuske, koje se gotovo svim pticama koje jedu sjeme lako otvaraju, a jezgre unutar njih imaju visok sadržaj masti, izuzetno vrijedan za većinu zimskih ptica. Prugasto sjeme suncokreta ima deblju ljusku, pa se kućni vrapci i kos mnogo teže otvaraju. Stoga, ako ste preplavljeni vrstama, radije ne biste subvencionirali svoj suncokret od crnog ulja, prije nego učinite bilo što drugo, pokušajte prijeći na prugasti suncokret.

Ljudi koji žive u stanovima ili imaju problema sa skupljanjem ljuski sjemena ispod hranilica često nude oljušteni suncokret. Mnoge ptice ovo vole, kao i vjeverice, naravno, i to je skupo. Bez zaštite ljuske, suncokretova srca i čips brzo se kvare i mogu sadržavati opasne bakterije, pa je važno ponuditi ne više od onoga što se može pojesti za dan ili dva.

Suncokret je jako privlačan vjevericama, što je problem za ljude koji ih ne žele subvencionirati. Neke vrste pregrada od vjeverica i neke specijalizirane hranilice prilično su dobre u njihovom isključivanju. Suncokret u ljusci može se ponuditi u raznim hranilicama, uključujući poslužavnike, hranilice za cijevi, lijevke i akrilne hranilice za prozore. Suncokretova srca i čips ne treba nuditi u hranilicama za cijevi gdje se može sakupljati vlaga.

Safflower

Šafran ima debelu ljusku, koju neke ptice teško otvaraju, ali je omiljena među kardinalima. Jedu ga i neki krupni kljunovi, ptičice, golubovi i domaći vrapci. Prema nekim izvorima, kućni vrapci, evropski čvorci i vjeverice ne vole šafraniku, ali čini se da su u nekim područjima razvili ukus za nju.

Kardinali i veliki kljunovi preferiraju hranilice za ladice i lijevke, što ove hranilice čini dobrim izborom za ponudu šafranike.

Zlatonoše na čarapama od čička. Fotografija Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Povezane priče

Nyjer ili čičak

Male zebe, uključujući američke češljugarice, male češljukare, indigo buntinge, borove siksine i obične crvenke često proždiru ovo sitno, crno sjeme nalik iglicama. Kako su invazivne biljke čička postale prepoznat problem u Sjevernoj Americi, dobavljači su prešli na biljku nalik tratinčici, poznatu kao Guizotia abyssinica, koji proizvodi sličnu vrstu sitnog, uljanog, bogatog sjemena. Biljka je sada poznata kao niger ili nyjer, a uvozi se iz inostranstva. Sjemenke se tijekom uvoza termički steriliziraju kako bi se ograničile njihove mogućnosti širenja uz zadržavanje vrijednosti hrane.

Beli proso proso

Bijelo proso je omiljeno kod ptica koje se hrane stokom, uključujući prepelice, domaće američke vrapce, golubove, vučne vune, junkove i kardinale. Nažalost, omiljen je i kod kravljih ptica i drugih kosica i kućnih vrabaca, koji su već subvencionirani ljudskim aktivnostima i podržani na neprirodno visokom nivou populacije trenutnom poljoprivrednom praksom i promjenama staništa. Kad su ove vrste prisutne, najpametnije je ne koristiti proso gotovo sve ptice koje ga vole jednako privlači suncokret crnog ulja.

Budući da su ptice koje se hrane hranjenjem bijelog prosa toliko omiljene, često se razbacuju po zemlji-odlična praksa sve dok nije postavljeno više od onoga što ptice mogu pojesti za jedan dan. Nisko postavljeni ulagači ladica s odličnom drenažom mogu biti vrlo dobar izbor i za bijelo proso.

Oljušten i ispucan kukuruz

Kukuruz jedu tetrijebi, fazani, purani, prepelice, kardinali, krupni kljunovi, vrane, gavrani, sojke, golubovi, patke, ždralovi i druge vrste. Nažalost, kukuruz ima dva ozbiljna problema. Prvo, omiljeni su kućni vrapci, kravlje ptice, čvorci, guske, medvjedi, rakuni i jeleni - od kojih ništa ne bismo trebali subvencionirati. Drugo, kukuruz je hrana za ptice koja će najvjerojatnije biti kontaminirana aflatoksinima, koji su izuzetno otrovni čak i pri niskim razinama. Nikada ne kupujte kukuruz u plastičnim vrećicama, ne dopustite mu da se smoči, nemojte ga nuditi u količinama koje se ne mogu potrošiti u toku dana po kišnom ili vrlo vlažnom vremenu i budite savjesni pri grabljanju starog kukuruza.

Nikada ne nudite kukuruz prekriven crvenom bojom. Kukuruz namijenjen sadnji često se tretira fungicidima, označenim crvenom bojom kao upozorenje. Vrlo je otrovan za ljude, stoku i sve ptice.

Nikada nemojte nuditi kokice sa maslacem ili bilo koju vrstu kokica u mikrovalnoj pećnici. Iskipani kukuruz brzo se kvari.

Kukuruz bi se trebao nuditi u malim količinama odjednom na hranilicama za poslužavnike. Ne nudite ga u hranilicama za cijevi koje bi mogle zadržati vlagu.

Kikiriki

Kikiriki je vrlo popularan među sojkama, vranama, ptičicama, sjenice, djetlići i mnogim drugim vrstama, ali su im omiljene i vjeverice, medvjedi, rakuni i druge životinje koje ne treba subvencionirati. Kao i kukuruz, kikiriki ima veliku vjerojatnost da sadrži aflatoksine, pa se mora držati suhim i prilično brzo potrošiti.

Kikiriki u ljusci može se postaviti na hranilice na platformi ili desno na ogradu na palubi ili u hranilicu za prozore kao posebna poslastica za sojke, ako ih stignu prije nego vjeverice to učine. Ako se kikiriki ili mješavina kikirikija i drugog sjemena nude u hranilicama za cijevi, pazite da često mijenjate sjeme, posebno za vrijeme kišnog ili vlažnog vremena, potpuno ispraznite i svaki put očistite cijev.

Milo ili sirk

Milo je omiljen kod mnogih zapadnih ptica koje se hrane kopnom. Na Cornell Lab of Ornithology testovima za preferiranje sjemena, Steller's Jays, Curves-bilhed Thrashers i Gambel’s Quails preferiraju milo umjesto suncokreta. U drugoj studiji, kućni vrapci nisu jeli milo, ali su jele kravlje ptice.

Milo treba rasuti po zemlji ili po hranilicama na niskim poslužavnicima. Prestanite ga nuditi ako subvencionirate kravlje ptice.

Zlatni proso, crveni proso, lan i drugi

Ovo sjeme se često koristi kao punilo u pakiranim mješavinama sjemena ptica, ali većina ptica ih se kloni. Otpadno sjeme postaje leglo bakterija i gljivica, brže kontaminirajući svježe sjeme. Svakako pročitajte popis sastojaka u mješavinama ptičjih sjemenki, izbjegavajući one sa ovim sjemenkama. Konkretno, ako mješavina sjemena ima puno malih, crvenih sjemenki, provjerite jesu li to milo ili sirk, a ne crveno proso.

Sjemenke uljane repice i kanarinca

Ove dvije vrste sjemena ne nude mnogo više od rasprostranjenijeg sjemena. Nekoliko ptica jede repicu, uključujući prepelice, golubove, zebe i junkove. Ako ih ne nabavite, uljana repica će se pokvariti. Kanarsko sjeme vrlo je popularno kod kućnih vrabaca i kravljih ptica - ptica koje mnogi ljudi ne bi voljeli privući. Druge vrste koje jedu sjeme kanarinca jednako su zadovoljne suncokretom, pa je ovo bolji izbor za sve.


Hranjenje ptica: kratki vodič o vrstama sjemena

Sjeme koje privlači najrazličitije vrste ptica, pa je glavni oslonac za većinu hranilica za ptice u dvorištu suncokret. Druge sorte sjemena mogu pomoći u privlačenju različitih vrsta ptica da zaokruže posjetitelje vašeg dvorišta. Općenito, mješavine koje sadrže crveno proso, zob i druga "punila" nisu privlačne većini ptica i mogu dovesti do velikog otpada dok ptice sortiraju mješavinu.

Evo našeg#kratkog vodiča za vrste sjemena, uključujući:

Povezane priče

Suncokret

Postoje dvije vrste suncokreta - crno ulje i prugasto. Sjemenke crnog ulja („uljari“) imaju vrlo tanke ljuske, koje se gotovo svim pticama koje jedu sjeme lako otvaraju, a jezgre unutar njih imaju visok sadržaj masti, izuzetno vrijedan za većinu zimskih ptica. Prugasto sjeme suncokreta ima deblju ljusku, pa se kućni vrapci i kos mnogo teže otvaraju. Stoga, ako ste preplavljeni vrstama, radije ne biste subvencionirali svoj suncokret od crnog ulja, prije nego učinite bilo što drugo, pokušajte prijeći na prugasti suncokret.

Ljudi koji žive u stanovima ili imaju problema sa skupljanjem ljuski sjemena ispod hranilica često nude oljušteni suncokret. Mnoge ptice ovo vole, kao i vjeverice, naravno, i to je skupo. Bez zaštite ljuske, suncokretova srca i čips brzo se kvare i mogu sadržavati opasne bakterije, pa je važno ponuditi ne više od onoga što se može pojesti za dan ili dva.

Suncokret je jako privlačan vjevericama, što je problem za ljude koji ih ne žele subvencionirati. Neke vrste pregrada od vjeverica i neke specijalizirane hranilice prilično su dobre u njihovom isključivanju. Suncokret u ljusci može se ponuditi u raznim hranilicama, uključujući poslužavnike, hranilice za cijevi, lijevke i akrilne hranilice za prozore. Suncokretova srca i čips ne treba nuditi u hranilicama za cijevi gdje se može sakupljati vlaga.

Safflower

Šafran ima debelu ljusku, koju neke ptice teško otvaraju, ali je omiljena među kardinalima. Jedu ga i neki krupni kljunovi, ptičice, golubovi i domaći vrapci. Prema nekim izvorima, kućni vrapci, evropski čvorci i vjeverice ne vole šafraniku, ali čini se da su u nekim područjima razvili ukus za nju.

Kardinali i veliki kljunovi preferiraju hranilice za ladice i lijevke, što ih čini dobrim izborom za ponudu šafranike.

Zlatonoše na čarapama od čička. Fotografija Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Povezane priče

Nyjer ili čičak

Male zebe, uključujući američke češljugarice, male češljukare, indigo buntinge, borove siksine i obične crvenke često proždiru ovo sitno, crno sjeme nalik iglicama. Kako su invazivne biljke čička postale prepoznat problem u Sjevernoj Americi, dobavljači su prešli na biljku nalik tratinčici, poznatu kao Guizotia abyssinica, koja proizvodi sličnu vrstu sitnog, uljanog, bogatog sjemena. Biljka je sada poznata kao niger ili nyjer, a uvozi se iz inostranstva. Sjemenke se tijekom uvoza termički steriliziraju kako bi se ograničile njihove mogućnosti širenja uz zadržavanje vrijednosti hrane.

Beli proso proso

Bijelo proso je omiljeno kod ptica koje se hrane stokom, uključujući prepelice, domaće američke vrapce, golubove, vučne vune, junkove i kardinale. Nažalost, omiljen je i kod kravljih ptica i drugih kosica i kućnih vrabaca, koji su već subvencionirani ljudskim aktivnostima i podržani na neprirodno visokom nivou populacije trenutnom poljoprivrednom praksom i promjenama staništa. Kad su ove vrste prisutne, najpametnije je ne koristiti proso gotovo sve ptice koje ga vole jednako privlači suncokret crnog ulja.

Budući da su ptice koje se hrane hranjenjem bijelog prosa toliko omiljene, često se razbacuju po zemlji-odlična praksa sve dok nije postavljeno više od onoga što ptice mogu pojesti za jedan dan. Nisko postavljeni ulagači ladica s odličnom drenažom mogu biti vrlo dobar izbor i za bijelo proso.

Oljušten i ispucan kukuruz

Kukuruz jedu tetrijebi, fazani, purani, prepelice, kardinali, krupni kljunovi, vrane, gavrani, sojke, golubovi, patke, ždralovi i druge vrste. Nažalost, kukuruz ima dva ozbiljna problema. Prvo, omiljeni su kućni vrapci, kravlje ptice, čvorci, guske, medvjedi, rakuni i jeleni - od kojih ništa ne bismo trebali subvencionirati. Drugo, kukuruz je hrana za ptice koja će najvjerojatnije biti kontaminirana aflatoksinima, koji su izuzetno otrovni čak i pri niskim razinama. Nikada ne kupujte kukuruz u plastičnim vrećicama, ne dopustite mu da se smoči, nemojte ga nuditi u količinama koje se ne mogu potrošiti u toku dana po kišnom ili vrlo vlažnom vremenu i budite savjesni pri grabljanju starog kukuruza.

Nikada ne nudite kukuruz prekriven crvenom bojom. Kukuruz namijenjen sadnji često se tretira fungicidima, označenim crvenom bojom kao upozorenje. Vrlo je otrovan za ljude, stoku i sve ptice.

Nikada nemojte nuditi kokice s maslacem ili bilo koju vrstu kokica u mikrovalnoj pećnici. Iskočeni kukuruz se brzo kvari.

Kukuruz bi se trebao nuditi u malim količinama odjednom na hranilicama za poslužavnike. Ne nudite ga u hranilicama za cijevi koje bi mogle zadržati vlagu.

Kikiriki

Kikiriki je vrlo popularan među sojkama, vranama, ptičicama, sjenice, djetlići i mnogim drugim vrstama, ali su im omiljene i vjeverice, medvjedi, rakuni i druge životinje koje ne treba subvencionirati. Kao i kukuruz, kikiriki ima veliku vjerojatnost da sadrži aflatoksine, pa se mora držati na suhom i prilično brzo potrošiti.

Kikiriki u ljusci može se postaviti na hranilice na platformi ili desno na ogradu na palubi ili u hranilicu za prozore kao posebna poslastica za sojke, ako ih stignu prije nego vjeverice to učine. Ako se kikiriki ili mješavina kikirikija i drugog sjemena nude u hranilicama za cijevi, pazite da često mijenjate sjeme, posebno za vrijeme kišnog ili vlažnog vremena, potpuno ispraznite i svaki put očistite cijev.

Milo ili sirk

Milo je omiljen kod mnogih zapadnih ptica koje se hrane kopnom. Na Cornell Lab of Ornithology testovima za preferiranje sjemena, Steller's Jays, Curves-bilhed Thrashers i Gambel’s Quails preferiraju milo umjesto suncokreta. U drugoj studiji, kućni vrapci nisu jeli milo, ali su jele kravlje ptice.

Milo treba rasuti po zemlji ili po hranilicama na niskim poslužavnicima. Prestanite ga nuditi ako subvencionirate kravlje ptice.

Zlatno proso, crveno proso, lan i drugi

Ovo sjeme se često koristi kao punilo u pakiranim mješavinama sjemena ptica, ali većina ptica ih se kloni. Otpadno sjeme postaje leglo bakterija i gljivica, brže kontaminirajući svježe sjeme. Svakako pročitajte popis sastojaka u mješavinama ptičjih sjemenki, izbjegavajući one s ovim sjemenkama. Konkretno, ako mješavina sjemena ima puno malih, crvenih sjemenki, provjerite jesu li to milo ili sirk, a ne crveno proso.

Sjemenke uljane repice i kanarinca

Ove dvije vrste sjemena ne nude mnogo više od rasprostranjenijeg sjemena. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.


Feeding Birds: a Quick Guide to Seed Types

The seed that attracts the widest variety of birds, and so the mainstay for most backyard bird feeders, is sunflower. Other varieties of seed can help attract different types of birds to round out your backyard visitors. In general, mixtures that contain red millet, oats, and other “fillers” are not attractive to most birds and can lead to a lot of waste as the birds sort through the mix.

Here’s our quick guide to seed types, including:

Related Stories

Sunflower

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels, and it’s expensive. Without the protection of the shell, sunflower hearts and chips quickly spoil, and can harbor dangerous bacteria, so it’s important to offer no more than can be eaten in a day or two.

Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them. Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

Safflower

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it.

Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

Goldfinches on thistle socks. Photo by Sarah Maclean/PFW.

Related Stories

Nyjer or thistle

Small finches including American Goldfinches, Lesser Goldfinches, Indigo Buntings, Pine Siskins, and Common Redpolls often devour these tiny, black, needle-like seeds. As invasive thistle plants became a recognized problem in North America, suppliers shifted to a daisy-like plant, known as Guizotia abyssinica, that produces a similar type of small, oily, rich seed. The plant is now known as niger or nyjer, and is imported from overseas. The seeds are heat-sterilized during importation to limit their chance of spreading while retaining their food value.

White proso millet

White millet is a favorite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Unfortunately it’s also a favorite with cowbirds and other blackbirds and House Sparrows, which are already subsidized by human activities and supported at unnaturally high population levels by current agricultural practices and habitat changes. When these species are present, it’s wisest to not use millet virtually all the birds that like it are equally attracted to black oil sunflower.

Because white millet is so preferred by ground-feeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground—an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day. Low-set tray feeders with excellent drainage can be a very good choice for white millet, too.

Shelled and cracked corn

Corn is eaten by grouse, pheasants, turkeys, quails, cardinals, grosbeaks, crows, ravens, jays, doves, ducks, cranes, and other species. Unfortunately, corn has two serious problems. First, it’s a favorite of House Sparrows, cowbirds, starlings, geese, bears, raccoons, and deer—none of which should be subsidized by us. Second, corn is the bird food most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxins, which are extremely toxic even at low levels. Never buy corn in plastic bags, never allow it to get wet, never offer it in amounts that can’t be consumed in a day during rainy or very humid weather, and be conscientious about raking up old corn.

Never offer corn covered in a red dye. Corn intended for planting is often treated with fungicides, marked with red dye as a warning. It is highly toxic to humans, livestock, and all birds.

Never offer buttered popcorn or any kind of microwave popcorn. Popped corn spoils quickly.

Corn should be offered in fairly small amounts at a time on tray feeders. Don’t offer it in tube feeders that could harbor moisture.

Kikiriki

Peanuts are very popular with jays, crows, chickadees, titmice, woodpeckers, and many other species, but are also favored by squirrels, bears, raccoons, and other animals that should not be subsidized. Like corn, peanuts have a high likelihood of harboring aflatoxins, so must be kept dry and used up fairly quickly.

Peanuts in the shell can be set out on platform feeders or right on a deck railing or window feeder as a special treat for jays, if they reach them before the squirrels do. If peanuts or mixtures of peanuts and other seeds are offered in tube feeders, make sure to change the seed frequently, especially during rainy or humid weather, completely emptying out and cleaning the tube every time.

Milo or sorghum

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails preferred milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not eat milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

Golden millet, red millet, flax, and others

These seeds are often used as fillers in packaged birdseed mixes, but most birds shun them. Waste seed becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus, contaminating fresh seed more quickly. Make sure to read the ingredients list on birdseed mixtures, avoiding those with these seeds. In particular, if a seed mix has a lot of small, red seeds, make sure they’re milo or sorghum, not red millet.

Rapeseed and canary seed

These two seed types don’t offer much over the more widespread seeds. A few birds do eat rapeseed, including quails, doves, finches, and juncos. If you’re not getting these, the rapeseed will be left to spoil. Canary seed is very popular with House Sparrows and cowbirds—birds that many people would prefer not to attract. Other species that eat canary seed are equally happy with sunflower, so this is a better all-around choice.



Komentari:

  1. Nejinn

    the incomparable answer

  2. Yonah

    Morate reći da niste u pravu.

  3. Vulabar

    And yet, much remains unclear. If it does not make it difficult, write in more detail.

  4. Casimiro

    Rather valuable message

  5. Palmer

    To je zato što je prečesto :)

  6. Comyn

    Kako kažu .. nemojte davati, transkript!

  7. Laochailan

    Na moju je vrlo zanimljiva tema. Predlažem da aktivnije učestvuju u raspravi.



Napišite poruku